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The Opera "La Finta semplice" (The Simple Pretense), is at last performed in the Salzburg Residenz. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is appointed Third Concertmaster of the Salzburg Court orchestra, however with no pay. On December13, father and son begin their first journey to Italy.


Father and son go to Verona, Milan, Florence and Rome, then on to Naples, and finally return again to Rome. Mozart meets the musical theoretician Father Giovanni Battista Martini and plays with the young English violinist Thomas Linley. Pope Clement XIV bestows upon Mozart the cross of the Order of the 'Golden Spur'. First performance, at the Teatro Regio Ducal in Milan, of his Opera seria "Mitridate, Re di Ponto" (Mithridates, King of Pontus) (KV 87).


Back in Salzburg, Mozart composes the Opera (Pastoral) "Ascanio in Alba" (Ascanius in Alba) (KV 111), to celebrate the wedding of Ferdinand of Austria. His hope for an appointment at the Habsburgic court in Milan turns out to be vain. The Prince-Archbishop Schrattenbach dies in Salzburg. The Opera (Serenata drammatica) "Il Sogno di Scipione" (KV 126) is performed, in honour of his successor, Hieronymus Graf Colloredo. The new Prince-Archbishop does not fully approve of the Mozarts' desire to travel.

1756-1761 1767-1768   1772-1776 1791
W. A. Mozart honoured with the cross of the Order of the "Golden Spur" (Copy ISM)