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Mozart composes the first part of the Sacred Singspiel "Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes" (KV 35), commissioned by the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg, Sigismund Christoph Graf von Schrattenbach, and performed for the first time at the Residenz Palace in Salzsburg. Shortly after, the Latin Intermezzo "Apollo et Hyacinthus" (KV 38), is composed and premieres at the Aula Magna of Salzburg University. The Missa brevis in D minor (KV 65) for the church of the University, and the Missa in C major (KV 66), the so-called "Pater Dominicus Mass", on the occasion of the first Mass of his childhood friend Kajetan Rupert Hagenauer, future abbot of St. Peter's, are also of this same period. In this same year he also composes the first four Concertos for Harpsichord.


Second journey of the Mozart family to Vienna; they leave the town shortly after because of smallpox epidemic and, passing through Brünn, arrive in Olmütz. Here, first Mozart, then his sister Nannerl fall seriously ill. In 1768 the Mozarts are again in Vienna, where Mozart completes the Singspiel "Bastien und Bastienne" (KV 50/46b). Following the inspiration of the Emperor Joseph II, Mozart writes the Opera buffa "La Finta semplice" (The Simple Pretense) (KV 51/46a), which however is not performed in Vienna, because of a plot against Mozart.

1756-1761 1762-1766   1769-1771 1791
The Emperor Joseph II (1765-1790) (KHM)